Taxes in Ohio
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Ohio state taxes favor most residents, but watch out for additional local taxes that can increase sales, income, and property taxes in certain municipalities. Below, we explain various Ohio state taxes affecting retirement income, such as sales tax, inheritance tax, and property taxes.
For information regarding taxes in other states, see Retirement Taxes by State.
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Ohio Tax Rates
|State Sales Tax
|Avg State/Local Sales Tax
|$0.39 per gallon
|$0.39 per gallon
|$1.60 per pack
|Effective Tax Rate:
|Social Security Tax
|Federal Income Tax Deduction:
Ohio State Taxes Explained
Ohio Sales Tax
5.75%. Food, newspapers, magazine subscriptions, telephone service and prescription drugs are exempt. Counties levy additional local taxes, which may add up to 2.25% to the sales tax.
Ohio Income Taxes
3.99% top rate (on income over $110,650). Cities and school districts can also impose local income taxes.
Ohio Property Taxes
The average effective property tax rate in Ohio is 1.56%, but the amount varies by municipality. Some agricultural land may be assessed at a different percentage. County auditors reappraise all real estate every six years. Generally speaking, you’ll pay $2,271 for a $145,700 home—the state’s median home value.
The Ohio Homestead Exemption is available to qualified homeowners who are either at least 65 years old, permanently and totally disabled or at least 59 years of age and the surviving spouse of a deceased taxpayer who previously received the exemption. The Homestead Exemption is limited to the owner’s dwelling and up to 1 acre of land. The value of the exemption may not exceed the value of the homestead. The 2022 income threshold is $34,600, which is adjusted annually. For more details, see Ohio Taxes.
Ohio Retirement Taxes
The Ohio Retirement Income Credit provides a tax credit for retirement and pension income up to $200 annually. Either spouse must be 65 years old, and adjusted gross income less exemptions must be under $100,000 based on the distribution amount reported on Form 1099-R. The credit is not applicable for loans against retirement plans or rollovers.
Taxpayers who retired from service in the active or reserve components of the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard or the National Guard can deduct their military retirement income. This rule does not apply if the income is otherwise deducted or excluded when computing federal or Ohio-adjusted gross income.
Taxpayers who served in the military and receive a federal civil service retirement pension can deduct the amount of this pay attributable to their military service. Ohio provides more information on the state’s Military Income Taxes page.
Ohio Estate and Inheritance Taxes
Ohio does not have an estate tax or an inheritance tax.
For further information, visit the Ohio Department of Taxation.